I . Phonetics (5 points)
Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation.Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
1. A. decade
2. A. architect
3. A. client
4. A. rough
5. A. avenue
II. Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)
Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
6. The New York police were very anxious__________about the crime.
A. learn more
B. learning more
C. to learn more
D. more to learn
7. Out__________after the class was over.
A. did children rush
B. rushed children
C. children rush
D. do children rush
8. This is one of the most beautiful pictures of scenery that__________displayed here.
C. has been
D. have been
9. When you're ready, I'll take you to __________ airport.
10. For a late drink, come to our nightclub,__________stays open until 4 : 00 a. m.
11. -- It is not very cold. I don't think we need these big jackets.
-- I don't think so,__________.
12. The tenants were asked to throw all recyclable trash into__________.
A. the big green plastic bag
B. the green big plastic bag
C. the big plastic green bag
D. the green plastic big bag
13.__________getting the highest result in the class, John still had problems with classmates.
A. Despite of
B. In spite of
C. Even though
14. Our kitchen is a mess. We__________any cleaning for weeks.
A. didn't do
B. haven't been doing
C. don't do
D. haven't done
15. Open the window, __________?
A. do you
B. don't you
C. will you
D. won't you
16. Joseph, the politician who __________ last week, has been released unharmed.
A. is kidnapped
B. was kidnapped
C. has been kidnapped
D. had been kidnapped
17. A number is an abstraction__________no physical existence.
B. to have
C. that has
D. who has
18. You cannot ignore the situation forever, one day you will have to __________ the consequences of your act.
A. look up to
B. wake up to
C. stand up to
D. face up to
19. They had all stayed on the ninth floor of the Metropole Hotel in Hong Kong in __________ half of February.
A. the second
C. the two
20. Women who apply for jobs in middle or senior management have__________success than men, according to an employment survey.
A. much higher
B. a very higher
C. a much higher
D. far higher
Ⅲ. Cloze (30 points)
Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, Cand D.Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening thecorresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
On the anniversary of the artist's birth, Van Gogh's Sunflowers was 21for just under ￡25 million at the fine art auctioneers (怕迈商), Christie's, in London. The 22 was triple the previous record of￡ 8 million paid in 1985 for Mantegna's Adoration of the Magi. At least ten bidders23 for the painting, half 24 telephone, anonymously battling it out in leaps of ~500,000.
Van Gogh wrote in a letter of 1889 that one of these Scots or Americans 25to pay 500 francs--about ￡ 25 at that time -- for 26 a painting.
Christie's chairman 27reporters after the sale, "it's a rare picture. " A spokesman for the firm added, "It's fantastic. " Not 28who was at the auction agreed.One commented, " More money29sense. "
Many people do 30 uneasy that a picture could be auctioned for such an unbelievable sum.
They find distasteful the contrast 31this sort of money and the impoverished life of the painter 32Van Gogh, once a lay preacher among the miners of Belgium, was more 33 in producing work that dignified labor than he was in selling for a profit.Depressive, poor, unrecognized and 34 suicidal, he remains a romantic figure in the public 35.
21. A. bought
22. A. price
23. A. competed
24. A. on
25. A. must
26. A. so
27. A. said
28. A. all
29. A. to
30. A. felt
31. A. between
32. A. his own
33. A. upset
34. A. eventually
D. at end
35. A. mind
IV. Reading Comprehension (60 points)
Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Two hundred years ago, American students went to American schools.Like you, they studied arithmetic, spelling and geography. Unlike you, they also studied Greek and Latin. In fact, students spent more than half their time studying Greek and Latin.
The same was true for most students in Europe. Until the seventh century, all educated Europeans knew Latin.It did not matter if they lived in England or Italy or France or Spain.If they were educated, they knew Latin.
During the seventh century, educated Europeans began to study Greek as well as Latin. Greek and Latin had been the leading languages of the ancient Greeks and Romans. All educated Europeans were expected to know these languages.
To educated Europeans, the languages ofthe Greeks and the Romans were important. The ideas of the Greeks and Romans were also important. People knew that many of their own ideas had come from the Greeks and the Romans. To understand their own culture, they must understand its origin.
They knew that those beginnings lay in the classical world.
Today we have so many things to study that few people have time to learn Greek and Latin. Few of you will study either language in school. Yet the ideas of the Greeks and the Romans are still important to us. These ideas still help to shape Western culture today. To understand our own culture, we must understand the culture of the classical world.
36. A good synonym for "origin" is__________.
37. According to this passage, all educated Europeans of the seventh century were expected to study__________.
A. physical science and chemistry
B. Greek and Latin
C. democracy and communism
D. French and Spanish
35. Today, most of people won't study either Greek or Latin because__________.
A. they are no longer important
B. people do not have enough time
C. they are no longer existed
D. people can not learn them well
39. What can we conclude from this passage?
A. Greeks and Romans significantly influenced European culture.
B. The Greeks were the founders of democracy.
C. The Greeks and Romans were bitter enemies.
D. People of the classical world were barbaric and uneducated.
Would you eat a bacon, lettuce and love apple sandwich? You probably have eaten many of them.
Love apple was the name used many years ago for the tomato.
The tomato is originally an American plant.It was found in South America by early Spanish explorers. The word tomato comes from the native Nahuatl word tomatl. But when it moved north, the plant earned a different name. Remarkably, the settlers in North America thought it was poisonous.
They believed that to eat it was surely to die. It was said that deserted suitorswould threaten to eat a tomato to cause their coldhearted lovers regret. Because of this legend, the settlers called the tomato a"love apple. " While people enjoyed other native plants such as corn and sweet potatoes, everyone avoided the tomato.
No one knows who first dared to eat a tomato. Perhaps someone was brave enough, or lovesick enough, to try out the truth of the rumors. Of course, whoever ate this fruit was perfectly safe. No one died from eating a love apple. Still, it was many years before the people fully believed that the tomato was a safe, and even good food. But its use did become common, and the plant was sent across the ocean to become part of many traditional European dishes.
40. The language from which we derived the word tomato is
41. North American people didn't eat tomatoes at first because__________.
A. they had too much other food
B. they mistakenly thought they were poisonous
C. settlers ate only traditional European foods
D. no one liked the taste
42. The underlined word "suitor" in the second paragraph means__________.
43. A good title for this passage would be__________.
A. Life in Early America
B. What Happens to the Brokenhearted
C. The History of the Tomato
D. Vegetables in Our Diet
Nature has devised many ways to protect creatures' eyes.The most common protection is the eyelid--a fold of skin that closes over the eye, protecting it from damage. Eyelashes are useful for keeping out dust and other irritants, and tears wash away any particles that get through the other defenses.
Some creatures, including most birds, have three eyelids.The upper and lower lids act like human lids and keep out twigs, dirt and sand. The third eyelid, however, is a semitransparent tissue that crosses over the eye from the inside corner to the outside corner.Because of this protective membrane, birds seldom have to blink. They close their eyes only when they go to sleep. In ducks,this third eyelid self as an underwater diving mask that helps the ducks find food.
Most fish and snakes have no eyelids at all. Instead, a hard glassy covering protects their eyes. In fish, water constantly sweeps away dirt from the covering. And a snake's eyesight is usually so bad that a little dirt obscuring its vision does not disturb it greatly.
Eyelashes defend the eye by shading it from glare. They also act like miniature brushes to remove dust. Camels have lashes that are four inches long to protect their eyes from windblown sand in the desert.
44. A camel has long eyelashes__________.
A. to keep windblown sand out of its eyes
B. that get in the way of its sight
C. to help it see better
D. to attract other camels
45. The writer implies that eyelids are__________.
A. not found on lizards
B. nice to look at
C. always covered with eyelashes
D. the most effective eye protection
46. The author compares the duck's third eyelid to a__________.
B. glassy covering
C. tiny brush
D. diving mask
47. A good title for this passage would be__________.
A. Look Out
B. Birds' Eyes
C. Eyes in the Night
D. Protecting the Eye
As part of an ongoing campaign against polyvinyl chloride (聚氯乙烯), a Virginia-based environmental advocacy group today called on manufacturers and retailers to phase out its use in shower curtains. The Center for Health, Environment and Justice ( CHEJ), released the results of a small study indicating that PVC (聚氯乙烯)-containing shower curtains are capable of emitting scores of potentially harmful materials, into people's bathrooms. A previous study, conducted by Environmental Protection Agency researchers, also found that plastic shower curtains can emit toxic compounds into the air.
There's still debate among scientists about just how serious the health effects are especially at low doses. However, CHEJ urges consumers to avoid using PVC shower curtains, as well as many otherPVC products.
For people who are concerned about their shower curtains, there are alternatives. IKEA phased out PVC shower curtains 11 years ago, switching to ethylene vinyl acetate(乙烯醋酸共聚物). The company has said that 88 percent of its shower curtains would be PVC free by spring of 2008.
Manufacturers are not required to label shower curtains, but some do list" PVC" or" vinyl"on the packaging. Numerous online retailers, sell shower curtains--primarily cotton or hemp--that are free of PVC. However, mildew(发霉) can be a problem with cotton and hemp products.
48. What did the study released by the Center for Health, Environment and Justice show?
A. That PVC stands for polyvinyl chloride.
B. Manufacturers are not required to label shower curtains.
C. That most shower curtains sold at IKEA are made from PVC.
D. That PVC shower curtains may release potentially harmful materials.
49. What material are the shower curtains sold at IKEA made from?
A. Ethylene vinyl acetate.
B. Polyvinyl chloride.
D. PVC and EVA.
50. What's the biggest problem with hemp and cotton shower curtains?
A. They are see-through.
B. They are too expensive.
C. They may cause mildew.
D. They emit harmful materials.
51. Is it easy for consumers to tell that a shower curtain is made from PVC?
A. Yes, that information is always on the shower curtain label.
B. Not always, because shower curtains don't have to be labeled.
C. Yes, but only if they're made by IKEA after 2008.
D. No, because they only contain low doses of PVC.
Companies that employ illegal immigrants are to be named and shamed in a further attempt to crack down on people smuggling.The move by the Home Office comes four months after officials launched a concerted effort to identify and prosecute companies breaking the law.More than 200 companies have already been fined for hiring illegal labor. The Home Office says names of companies and directors are to be published on the UK Border Agency website. The agency will publish how many illegal immigrants the company was employing and how much it was fined.
By May this year there had been 137 prosecutions under the new rules leading to fines totaling500,000--almost 3,000 per firm.The total number of prosecutions was 10 times more than were carried out in 2007, and double the total for the previous decade.
Immigration chiefs are also switching their focus from small-time illegal employers,such as takeaway restaurants, in an effort to major organized criminal enterprises supplying illegal labor, often relying on international networks to smuggle people into the UK.
Some 7,500 immigration officers will be re-organized into more localized teams with police and customs officials in an effort to better target what the Home Office says are illegal working hotspots.
These could include areas of the economy where there is a high demand for labor including agriculture,construction and hospitality.Nobody knows how many people are working without permission in theUK--although estimates put the number of illegal residents at more than 500,000.
Trade Union leaders have also raised concerns about the government's strategy, arguing that it could drive the worst employers further underground, penalizing exceptionally poor workers unable to break out of a situation they did not necessarily choose.
52. What has happened in the first four months of the campaign to crack down on companies hiring illegal workers?
A. Nothing. The campaign is still in its beginning stage.
B.7,500 immigration officers will be re-organized into more localized teams.
C.200 companies have been fined.
D.3,000 small-time illegal employers have been cracked down.
53. What steps will officials take to "shame" these companies?
A. They will publish their names as well as the details of the offence online.
B. They will shut down their business.
C. They will inform the police about the illegal hiring.
D. They will give poor workers working permission.
54. Immigration officials are now focusing on__________.
A. small-time illegal employers B. fining individual workers
C. large-scale organized criminal operationsD. the government's strategy
55. Trade Union officials fear that this new campaign (战役) might end up unjustly penalizing __________, by driving the employers further underground.
C. illegal residents
V. Daily Conversation (15 points)
Directions: Pick out five appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
A. Hold the line
B. flight number
C. ask a question
D. To New York
E. May I have your name
F. reconfirm my seat
G. please check in
H. On May 11
Reservations clerk: Northwind Airlines. Can I help you?
Daniel Adams: Hello. I'd like to 56, please.
Reservations clerk: May I have your name and 57, please?
Daniel Adams: My name is Daniel Adams and my flight number is 374.
Reservations clerk: When are you leaving?
Daniel Adams : 58.
Reservations clerk: And your destination?
Daniel Adams: Buenos Aires.
Reservations clerk: 59, please. (...) All right. Your seat is confirmed, Mr. Adams. You'll be arriving in Buenos Aires at 4 o' clock p.m. local time.
Daniel Adams: Thank you. Can I pick up my ticket when I check in?
Reservations clerk: Yes, but 60 at least one hour before departure time.
VI. Writing (25 points)
Directions: For this part, you are supposed to write a letter in English in 100-120 words based on the following situation. Remember to write it clearly.
11·Vocabulary and Structure
6.C 7.A 8.D 9.Bl0.Cll.Cl2.Al3.Bl4.Dl5.Cl6.Bl7.C18.Dl9.A20.C
6.Be anxious to do sth渴望做某事。选项C是正确的。【句子大意】纽约警察急切地想知道更多的有关这一罪行的信息。
7.副词前置到句首表示强调，此时，该句的主谓应倒装。主谓倒装时助动词移至主语前，排除选项B。原句的时态为过去时，应选过去式的助动词。选项A是正确的。这种句型与Herecomes the bus是不同的。前者是强调行为，后者说明时间：车来了。表示车刚刚到。【句子大意】一下课孩子们就冲了出去。
9.To the airport是比较固定的用法，airport前加定冠词。选项B是正确的。【句子大意】你准备好了我就送你去机场。
13.Despite=in spite of尽管，even though即便，nonetheless然而。注意，despite后没有of。选项B是正确的。【句子大意】尽管约翰在班上的学习成绩最好，但他跟同学的关系不是很好。
18.Look up to仰望、尊敬，wake up to认识到，stand up to忍耐、经受，face up to勇敢地面对。选项D是正确的。【句子大意】你不可能永远地忽视这个情形，总有一天你不得不面对你自己造成的后果。
21.B 22.A 23.A 24.D25.C26.D27.C28.B29.B30.C31.B32.D33.B34.A35.D
Daniel Adams：我叫Daniel Adams，我的航班号是374。
To Whom It May Concern:
Three days ago, I just got the watch I ordered from your store. You sent it on time and thanks for that. But I found several problems. First, the color is not what I wanted. I wanted golden, but you gave me silver instead. I thought that would be OK, if everything else is good enough. The stranger thing happens. The watch gets five minutes slower every day, so I have to keep correcting it. Because of this, I feel nervous about being late for work. I really cannot stand it any longer. So I have to write this letter to request giving the watch back to you and full money back to me.
Along with the letter is the copy of the order.
Thank you. I am looking forward to hearing from you.